No criticism, suggestion, or questions are directed toward the writer in response to first-draft writing.
Do not respond by recalling a memory or story. If the memory is a strong one, then write the story and share it with workshop writers.
Do not address the writer as you, as if the voice of the speaker, the storyteller, the narrator of the writing is the same person as the one workshop reader/writer; instead, say the narrator or name the characters. This is our practice even when the writing is written in the first person, I, even when the writer tells us it is true or autobiographical.
Do not refer to a character as a real person rather than an imagined character, for example a family member, such as the character my mother, is not the writer’s mother, ie. your mother. She is the mother character.
Do not recall all your thoughts and feelings. Limit your response to one or two aspects of the writing that stood out for you. Leave room for others to comment.
Writing that has newly come from the pen of a writer should be listened to with care. New writing is as fragile and raw as a newborn and should be treated as respectfully, as tenderly.
• Do not make overt or subtle suggestions for change.
• Do not tell one’s own story, ie. This reminds me when I…
• Do not question
• Do not express doubt or disbelief
• Do not describe writing as derivative, overly familiar or clichéd
• Do not express dislike or disinterest in narrator, voice or character
• Do not respond with like unless you point to particular words, phrases, actions, etc.
What is helpful is to listen to the writer, then give back what you remember, what stays with you. Each writer is finding his or her way to voice. It cannot be coerced, and it cannot be given form or shape by anyone else.
--adapted from Pat Schneider, Writing Alone and with Others
Suggestions for responding:
- I remember
- What is strong
- What is powerful
- What is brave
- What stays with me
- What moves me
- What surprises me
Point to specific elements by repeating:
Respond as reader, not a critic: